Everything about Regenerative Medicine
In a newborn’s umbilical cord, it is rich in stem cells that are capable of renewing and regenerating themselves. By doing mitosis process, stem cell can divide itself to become a specialized cell such as muscle cell or brain cell or simply remains as a stem cell. Apart from that, studies showed that it could repair internal damaged that is caused by disease, trauma or disorder.
Stem cell transplantation, stem cell grafting as well as regenerative medicine are few of the ways to which these cells are being used in curing illnesses and disorders.
As a matter of fact, there are many applications for regenerative medicine which also includes wide range of scientific disciplines like biochemistry, immunology, genetics and molecular biology. Scientists from the said fields have been performing research as well as studies in the said domain and identified 3 different methods on how to take advantage of regenerative medicine. If you would want to know more about these methods, then it is best that you finish reading this article.
Cellular therapy – for this method, cellular materials typically come from adult stem cells and these are extracted, stored and injected to the damaged tissue or site of the injury. Thereafter, what these cells do is repairing the damaged cells or regenerating new cells in order to replace damaged ones.
Tissue engineering – in this method, it’s related to biomaterials development and using the combination of perfectly functioning cells, tissues as well as scaffolds in order to engineer a perfectly working organ. Then, this is implanted to the body of receiver as replacement of the damaged tissue or organ.
Artificial organs and medical devices – if an organ failed, replacing it with a donor organ is the most common treatment suggested. Donor organs are not that easy to find and it may even pose hindrance in these circumstances. And say for example that you were able to find a donor, still before you commence with the transplant, your donor would have to take immunosuppressant drugs.
Because of the fact that regenerative medicine is more about stem cells, this is demanding embryonic stem cells that are mostly intended for research purposes. In fact, it raises questions in legalities and ethics with regards to the use of the embryonic stem cells.
Both regulations and laws that concern regenerative medicine vary differently in countries. There are only three countries that legally allow the making of human embryos for research purposes. The rest of the countries however are permitted only to extract cells from excess IVF embryos. No matter what people say, regenerative medicine is a breakthrough in the field of medicine and that is a fact.